Gray’s Anatomy: Neurology (Fig. 623 - 849)

Table of Contents

Neurology Plates

Neurology Captions

  • Figure 623 - Neuroglia cells of brain shown by Golgi’s method. A. Cell with branched processes. Spider cell with unbranched processes.
  • Figure 624 - Various forms of nerve cells. A. Pyramidal cell. B. Small multipolar cell, in which the axon quickly divides into numerous branches. C. Small fusiform cell. D and E. Ganglion cells . ax. c. Capsule.
  • Figure 625 - Bipolar nerve cell from the spinal ganglion of the pike.
  • Figure 626 - Motor nerve cell from ventral horn of medulla spinalis of rabbit. The angular and spindle-shaped Nissl bodies are well shown.
  • Figure 627 - Pyramidal cell from the cerebral cortex of a mouse.
  • Figure 628 - Cell of Purkinje from the cerebellum. Golgi method. Axon. b. Collateral. c and d. Dendrons.
  • Figure 629 - Nerve cells of kitten, showing neurofibrils. Axon. b. Cyton. c. Nucleus. d. Neurofibrils.
  • Figure 630 - Medullated nerve fibers.
  • Figure 631 - Diagram of longitudinal sections of medullated nerve fibers. Osmic acid.
  • Figure 632 - Transverse sections of medullated nerve fibers. Osmic acid.
  • Figure 633 - Diagram of medullated nerve fibers stained with osmic acid. Nodes of Ranvier. a. Neurolemma. c. Nucleus.
  • Figure 634 - Medullated nerve fibers stained with silver nitrate.
  • Figure 635 - A small nervous branch from the sympathetic of a mammal. a. Two medullated nerve fibers among a number of gray nerve fibers, b.
  • Figure 636 - Transverse section of human tibial nerve.
  • Figure 637 - Muscular fibers of Lacerta viridis with the terminations of nerves. a. Seen in profile. P, P. The nerve end-plates. S, S. The base of the plate, consisting of a granular mass with nuclei. b. The same as seen in looking at a perfectly fresh fiber, the nervous ends being probably still excitable. The same as seen two hours after death from poisoning by curare.
  • Figure 638 - Transverse section of spinal ganglion of rabbit. A. Ganglion. a. Large clear nerve cell. b. Small deeply staining nerve cell. c. Nuclei of capsule. The lines in the center point to the corresponding cells in the ganglion.
  • Figure 639 - Transverse section of sympathetic ganglion of cat. A. Ganglion. a. A nerve cell.
  • Figure 640 - Section of medulla spinalis of a four weeks’ embryo.
  • Figure 641 - Transverse section of the medulla spinalis of a human embryo at the beginning of the fourth week. The left edge of the figure corresponds to the lining of the central canal.
  • Figure 642 - aged about four and a half weeks.
  • Figure 643 - aged about three months.
  • Figure 644 - Two stages in the development of the neural crest in the human embryo.
  • Figure 645 - Reconstruction of periphera nerves of a human embryo of 10.2 mm. The abducent nerve is not labelled, but is seen passing forward to the eye under the mandibular and maxillary nerves.
  • Figure 646 - Diagram to illustrate the alar and basal laminæ of brain vesicles.
  • Figure 647 - Transverse section of medulla oblongata of human embryo.
  • Figure 648 - Transverse section of medulla oblongata of human embryo.
  • Figure 649 - Hind-brain of a human embryo of three months—viewed from behind and partly from left side.
  • Figure 650 - Exterior of brain of human embryo of four and a half weeks.
  • Figure 651 - Brain of human embryo of four and a half weeks, showing interior of fore-brain.
  • Figure 652 - Exterior of brain of human embryo of five weeks.
  • Figure 653 - Interior of brain of human embryo of five weeks.
  • Figure 654 - Median sagittal section of brain of human embryo of three months.
  • Figure 655 - Inferior surface of brain of embryo at beginning of fourth month.
  • Figure 656 - Diagrammatic coronal section of brain to show relations of neopallium. Corpus striatum. Th. Thalamus.
  • Figure 657 - Median sagittal section of brain of human embryo of four months.
  • Figure 658 - Outer surface of cerebral hemisphere of human embryo of about five months.
  • Figure 659 - Transverse section of medulla oblongata of human embryo.
  • Figure 660 - Transverse section of medulla oblongata of human embryo.
  • Figure 661 - Sagittal section of vertebral canal to show the lower end of the medulla spinalis and the filum terminale. Li, Lv. First and fifth lumbar vertebræ. Sii. Second sacral vertebra. 1. Dura mater. 2. Lower part of tube of dura mater. 3. Lower extremity of medulla spinalis. 4. Intradural, and 5, Extradural portions of filum terminale. 6. Attachment of filum terminale to first segment of coccyx.
  • Figure 662 - Cauda equina and filum terminale seen from behind. The dura mater has been opened and spread out, and the arachnoid has been removed.
  • Figure 663 - Diagrams of the medulla spinalis.
  • Figure 664 - Transverse section of the medulla spinalis in the mid-thoracic region.
  • Figure 665 - Curves showing the sectional area at different levels of the cord. The ordinates show the area in sq. mm.
  • Figure 666 - Transverse sections of the medulla spinalis at different levels.
  • Figure 667 - Section of central canal of medulla spinalis, showing ependymal and neuroglial cells.
  • Figure 668 - Cells of medulla spinalis. Diagram showing in longitudinal section the intersegmental neurons of the medulla spinalis. The gray and white parts correspond respectively to the gray and white substance of the medulla spinalis.
  • Figure 669 - Diagram showing a few of the connections of afferent fibers of the posterior root with the efferent fibers from the ventral column and with the various long ascending fasciculi.
  • Figure 670 - Diagram showing possible connection of long descending fibers from higher centers with the motor cells of the ventral column through association fibers.
  • Figure 671 - Transverse sections of the medulla spinalis at different levels to show the arrangement of the principal cell columns.
  • Figure 672 - Diagram of the principal fasciculi of the spinal cord.
  • Figure 673 - Formation of the fasciculus gracilis. Medulla spinalis viewed from behind. To the left, the fasciculus gracilis is shaded. To the right, the drawing shows that the fasciculus gracilis is formed by the long fibers of the posterior roots, and that in this tract the sacral nerves lie next the median plane, the lumbar to their lateral side, and the thoracic still more laterally.
  • Figure 674 - Descending fibers in the posterior funiculi, shown at different levels. A. In the conus medullaris. B. In the lumbar region. C. In the lower thoracic region. D. In the upper thoracic region.
  • Figure 675 - A spinal nerve with its anterior and posterior roots.
  • Figure 676 - Posterior roots entering medulla spinalis and dividing into ascending and descending branches. Stem fiber. b, b. Ascending and descending limbs of bifurcation. c. Collateral arising from stem fiber.
  • Figure 677 - Scheme showing the connections of the several parts of the brain.
  • Figure 678 - Schematic representation of the chief ganglionic categories .
  • Figure 679 - Medulla oblongata and pons. Anterior surface.
  • Figure 680 - Decussation of pyramids. Scheme showing passage of various fasciculi from medulla spinalis to medulla oblongata. a. Pons. b. Medulla oblongata. c. Decussation of the pyramids. d. Section of cervical part of medulla spinalis. 1. Anterior cerebrospinal fasciculus . 2. Lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus (in red). 3. Sensory tract (fasciculi gracilis et cuneatus) (in blue). 3’. Gracile and cuneate nuclei. 4. Antero-lateral proper fasciculus (in dotted line). 5. Pyramid. 6. Lemniscus. 7. Medial longitudinal fasciculus. 8. Ventral spinocerebellar fasciculus (in blue). 9. Dorsal spinocerebellar fasciculus (in yellow).
  • Figure 681 - Hind- and mid-brains; postero-lateral view.
  • Figure 682 - Superficial dissection of brain-stem. Lateral view.
  • Figure 683 - Dissection of brain-stem. Lateral view.
  • Figure 684 - Deep dissection of brain-stem. Lateral view.
  • Figure 685 - Deep dissection of brain-stem. Lateral view.
  • Figure 686 - Upper part of medulla spinalis and hind- and mid-brains; posterior aspect, exposed in situ.
  • Figure 687 - Section of the medulla oblongata through the lower part of the decussation of the pyramids. Anterior median fissure. 2. Posterior median sulcus. 3. Anterior column (in red), with 3’, anterior root. 4. Posterior column (in blue), with 4’, posterior roots. 5. Lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus. 6. Posterior funiculus. The red arrow, a, a’, indicates the course the lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus takes at the level of the decussation of the pyramids; the blue arrow, b, b’, indicates the course which the sensory fibers take.
  • Figure 688 - Section of the medulla oblongata at the level of the decussation of the pyramids. Anterior median fissure. 2. Posterior median sulcus. 3. Motor roots. 4. Sensory roots. 5. Base of the anterior column, from which the head (5’) has been detached by the lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus. 6. Decussation of the lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus. 7. Posterior columns (in blue). 8. Gracile nucleus.
  • Figure 689 - Superficial dissection of brain-stem. Ventral view.
  • Figure 690 - Deep dissection of brain-stem. Ventral view.
  • Figure 691 - Dissection of brain-stem. Dorsal view. The nuclear masses of the medulla are taken from model by Weed, Carnegie Publication, No. 19.
  • Figure 692 - Superior terminations of the posterior fasciculi of the medulla spinalis. 1. Posterior median sulcus. 2. Fasciculus gracilis. 3. Fasciculus cuneatus. 4. Gracile nucleus. 5. Cuneate nucleus. 6, 6’, 6’’. Sensory fibers forming the lemniscus. 7. Sensory decussation. 8. Cerebellar fibers uncrossed . 9. Cerebellar fibers crossed (in black).
  • Figure 693 - Transverse section passing through the sensory decussation. Anterior median fissure. 2. Posterior median sulcus. 3, 3. Head and base of anterior column (in red). 4. Hypoglossal nerve. 5. Bases of posterior columns. 6. Gracile nucleus. 7. Cuneate nucleus. 8, 8. Lemniscus. 9. Sensory decussation. 10. Cerebrospinal fasciculus.
  • Figure 694 - Section of the medulla oblongata at about the middle of the olive.
  • Figure 695 - Transverse section of medulla oblongata below the middle of the olive.
  • Figure 696 - The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue.
  • Figure 697 - Nuclei of origin of cranial motor nerves schematically represented; lateral view.
  • Figure 698 - Primary terminal nuclei of the afferent cranial nerves schematically represented; lateral view. The olfactory and optic centers are not represented.
  • Figure 699 - Diagram showing the course of the arcuate fibers. Medulla oblongata anterior surface. 2. Anterior median fissure. 3. Fourth ventricle. 4. Inferior olivary nucleus, with the accessory olivary nuclei. 5. Gracile nucleus. 6. Cuneate nucleus. 7. Trigeminal. 8. Inferior peduncles, seen from in front. 9. Posterior external arcuate fibers. 10. Anterior external arcuate fibers. 11. Internal arcuate fibers. 12. Peduncle of inferior olivary nucleus. 13. Nucleus arcuatus. 14. Vagus. 15. Hypoglossal.
  • Figure 700 - The formatio reticularis of the medulla oblongata, shown by a transverse section passing through the middle of the olive. Anterior median fissure. 2. Fourth ventricle. 3. Formatio reticularis, with 3’, its internal part (reticularis alba), and 3’’, its external part (reticularis grisea). 4. Raphé. 5. Pyramid. 6. Lemniscus. 7. Inferior olivary nucleus with the two accessory olivary nuclei. 8. Hypoglossal nerve, with 8’, its nucleus of origin. 9. Vagus nerve, with 9’, its nucleus of termination. 10. Lateral dorsal acoustic nucleus. 11. Nucleus ambiguus (nucleus of origin of motor fibers of glossopharyngeal, vagus, and cerebral portion of spinal accessory). 12. Gracile nucleus. 13. Cuneate nucleus. 14. Head of posterior column, with 14’, the lower sensory root of trigeminal nerve. 15. Fasciculus solitarius. 16. Anterior external arcuate fibers, with 16’, the nucleus arcuatus. 17. Nucleus lateralis 18. Nucleus of fasciculus teres. 19. Ligula.
  • Figure 701 - Coronal section of the pons, at its upper part.
  • Figure 702 - Upper surface of the cerebellum.
  • Figure 703 - Under surface of the cerebellum.
  • Figure 704 - Sagittal section of the cerebellum, near the junction of the vermis with the hemisphere.
  • Figure 705 - Dissection showing the projection fibers of the cerebellum.
  • Figure 706 - Transverse section of a cerebellar folium.
  • Figure 707 - Sagittal section through right cerebellar hemisphere. The right olive has also been cut sagitally.
  • Figure 708 - Scheme of roof of fourth ventricle. The arrow is in the foramen of Majendie.
  • Figure 709 - Rhomboid fossa.
  • Figure 710 - Coronal section through mid-brain.   Corpora quadrigemina. 2. Cerebral aqueduct. 3. Central gray stratum. 4. Interpeduncular space. 5. Sulcus lateralis. 6. Substantia nigra. 7. Red nucleus of tegmentum. 8. Oculomotor nerve, with 8’, its nucleus of origin. a. Lemniscus (in blue) with a’ the medial lemniscus and a" the lateral lemniscus. b. Medial longitudinal fasciculus. c. Raphé. d. Temporopontine fibers. e. Portion of medial lemniscus, which runs to the lentiform nucleus and insula. f. Cerebrospinal fibers. g. Frontopontine fibers.
  • Figure 711 - Transverse section of mid-brain at level of inferior colliculi.
  • Figure 712 - Transverse section of mid-brain at level of superior colliculi.
  • Figure 713 - Scheme showing the course of the fibers of the lemniscus; medial lemniscus in blue, lateral in red.
  • Figure 714 - Transverse section passing through the sensory decussation. Schematic. Anterior median fissure. 2. Posterior median sulcus. 3, 3’. Head and base of anterior column (in red). 4. Hypoglossal nerve. 5. Bases of posterior column. 6. Gracile nucleus. 7. Cuneate nucleus. 8, 8. Lemniscus. 9. Sensory decussation. 10. Cerebrospinal fasciculus.
  • Figure 715 - Mesal aspect of a brain sectioned in the median sagittal plane.
  • Figure 716 - Dissection showing the ventricles of the brain.
  • Figure 717 - Coronal section of brain immediately in front of pons.
  • Figure 718 - Coronal section of brain through intermediate mass of third ventricle.
  • Figure 719 - Hind- and mid-brains; postero-lateral view.
  • Figure 720 - Median sagittal section of brain. The relations of the pia mater are indicated by the red color.
  • Figure 721 - The hypophysis cerebri, in position. Shown in sagittal section.
  • Figure 722 - Scheme showing central connections of the optic nerves and optic tracts.
  • Figure 723 - Coronal section of lateral and third ventricles.
  • Figure 724 - Base of brain.
  • Figure 725 - Lateral surface of left cerebral hemisphere, viewed from above.
  • Figure 726 - Lateral surface of left cerebral hemisphere, viewed from the side.
  • Figure 727 - Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere.
  • Figure 728 - Principal fissures and lobes of the cerebrum viewed laterally.
  • Figure 729 - Orbital surface of left frontal lobe.
  • Figure 730 - Section of brain showing upper surface of temporal lobe.
  • Figure 731 - The insula of the left side, exposed by removing the opercula.
  • Figure 732 - Scheme of rhinencephalon.
  • Figure 733 - Corpus callosum from above.
  • Figure 734 - Scheme showing relations of the ventricles to the surface of the brain.
  • Figure 735 - Drawing of a cast of the ventricular cavities, viewed from above.
  • Figure 736 - Drawing of a cast of the ventricular cavities, viewed from the side.
  • Figure 737 - Central part and anterior and posterior cornua of lateral ventricles exposed from above.
  • Figure 738 - Coronal section through posterior cornua of lateral ventricle.
  • Figure 739 - Posterior and inferior cornua of left lateral ventricle exposed from the side.
  • Figure 740 - Inferior and posterior cornua, viewed from above.
  • Figure 741 - Two views of a model of the striatum: A, lateral aspect; B, mesal aspect.
  • Figure 742 - Horizontal section of right cerebral hemisphere.
  • Figure 743 - Coronal section through anterior cornua of lateral ventricles.
  • Figure 744 - Coronal section of brain through anterior commissure.
  • Figure 745 - Dissection showing the course of the cerebrospinal fibers.
  • Figure 746 - Diagram of the tracts in the internal capsule. Motor tract red. The sensory tract is not direct, but formed of neurons receiving impulses from below in the thalamus and transmitting them to the cortex. The optic radiation (occipitothalamic) is shown in violet.
  • Figure 747 - Diagram of the fornix.
  • Figure 748 - The fornix and corpus callosum from below.
  • Figure 749 - Coronal section of inferior horn of lateral ventricle.
  • Figure 750 - Tela chorioidea of the third ventricle, and the choroid plexus of the left lateral ventricle, exposed from above.
  • Figure 751 - Diagram showing principal systems of association fibers in the cerebrum.
  • Figure 752 - Dissection of cortex and brain-stem showing association fibers and island of Reil after removal of its superficial gray substance.
  • Figure 753 - Deep dissection of cortex and brain-stem.
  • Figure 754 - Cerebral cortex. To the left, the groups of cells; to the right, the systems of fibers. Quite to the left of the figure a sensory nerve fiber is shown.
  • Figure 755 - Coronal section of olfactory bulb.
  • Figure 756 - Areas of localization on lateral surface of hemisphere. Motor area in red. Area of general sensations in blue. Auditory area in green. Visula area in yellow. The psychic portions are in lighter tints.
  • Figure 757 - Areas of localization on medial surface of hemisphere. Motor area in red. Area of general sensations in blue. Visual area in yellow. Olfactory area in purple. The psychic portions are in lighter tints.
  • Figure 758 - Diagram of the spinal cord reflex apparatus. Some of the connections of a single afferent neuron from the skin are indicated: d.r.2, dorsal root from second spinal ganglion; m, muscles; sp.g.1 to sp.g.4, spinal ganglia; v.r.1' to v.r.4, ventral roots.
  • Figure 759 - The sensory tract.
  • Figure 760 - Terminal nuclei of the cochlear nerve, with their upper connections. The vestibular nerve with its terminal nuclei and their efferent fibers have been suppressed. On the other hand, in order not to obscure the trapezoid body, the efferent fibers of the terminal nuclei on the right side have been resected in a considerable portion of their extent. The trapezoid body, therefore, shows only one-half of its fibers, viz., those which come from the left. 1. Vestibular nerve, divided at its entrance into the medulla oblongata. 2. Cochlear nerve. 3. Accessory nucleus of acoustic nerve. 4. Tuberculum acusticum. 5. Efferent fibers of accessory nucleus. 6. Efferent fibers of tuberculum acusticum, forming the striae medullares, with 6’, their direct bundle going to the superior olivary nucleus of the same side; 6’’, their decussating bundles going to the superior olivary nucleus of the opposite side. 7. Superior olivary nucleus. 8. Trapezoid body. 9. Trapezoid nucleus. 10. Central acoustic tract (lateral lemniscus). Raphé. 12. Cerebrospinal fasciculus. 13. Fourth ventricle. 14. Inferior peduncle.
  • Figure 761 - Terminal nuclei of the vestibular nerve, with their upper connections. Cochlear nerve, with its two nuclei. 2. Accessory nucleus. 3. Tuberculum acusticum. 4. Vestibular nerve. 5. Internal nucleus. 6. Nucleus of Deiters. 7. Nucleus of Bechterew. 8. Inferior or descending root of acoustic. 9. Ascending cerebellar fibers. 10. Fibers going to raphé. 11. Fibers taking an oblique course. 12. Lemniscus. 13. Inferior sensory root of trigeminal. 14. Cerebrospinal fasciculus. 15. Raphé. 16. Fourth ventricle. 17. Inferior peduncle. Origin of striæ medullares.
  • Figure 762 - Figure showing the different groups of cells, which constitute, according to Perlia, the nucleus of origin of the oculomotor nerve. Posterior dorsal nucleus. 1’. Posterior ventral nucleus. 2. Anterior dorsal nucleus. 2’. Anterior ventral nucleus. 3. Central nucleus. 4. Nucleus of Edinger and Westphal. 5. Antero-internal nucleus. 6. Antero-external nucleus. 8. Crossed fibers. 9. Trochlear nerve, with 9’, its nucleus of origin, and 9", its decussation. 10. Third ventricle. M, M. Median line.
  • Figure 763 - Scheme showing central connections of the optic nerves and optic tracts.
  • Figure 764 - The motor tract.
  • Figure 765 - Dura mater and its processes exposed by removing part of the right half of the skull and the brain.
  • Figure 766 - Tentorium cerebelli seen from above.
  • Figure 767 - The medulla spinalis and its membranes.
  • Figure 768 - Diagram showing the positions of the three principal subarachnoid cisternæ.
  • Figure 769 - Diagrammatic representation of a section across the top of the skull, showing the membranes of the brain, etc.
  • Figure 770 - Diagrammatic transverse section of the medulla spinalis and its membranes.
  • Figure 771 - Nerves of septum of nose. Right side.
  • Figure 772 - Plan of olfactory neurons.
  • Figure 773 - The left optic nerve and the optic tracts.
  • Figure 774 - Scheme showing central connections of the optic nerves and optic tracts.
  • Figure 775 - Plan of oculomotor nerve.
  • Figure 776 - Nerves of the orbit. Seen from above.
  • Figure 777 - Nerves of the orbit, and the ciliary ganglion. Side view.
  • Figure 778 - Distribution of the maxillary and mandibular nerves, and the submaxillary ganglion.
  • Figure 779 - Alveolar branches of superior maxillary nerve and sphenopalatine ganglion.
  • Figure 780 - The sphenopalatine ganglion and its branches.
  • Figure 781 - Mandibular division of the trifacial nerve.
  • Figure 782 - Mandibular division of trifacial nerve, seen from the middle line. The small figure is an enlarged view of the otic ganglion.
  • Figure 783 - The otic ganglion and its branches.
  • Figure 784 - Sensory areas of the head, showing the general distribution of the three divisions of the fifth nerve.
  • Figure 785 - Figure showing the mode of innervation of the Recti medialis and lateralis of the eye .
  • Figure 786 - Oblique section through the right cavernous sinus.
  • Figure 787 - Dissection showing origins of right ocular muscles, and nerves entering by the superior orbital fissure.
  • Figure 788 - Plan of the facial and intermediate nerves and their communication with other nerves.
  • Figure 789 - The course and connections of the facial nerve in the temporal bone.
  • Figure 790 - The nerves of the scalp, face, and side of neck.
  • Figure 791 - Plan of upper portions of glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves.
  • Figure 792 - Upper part of medulla spinalis and hind- and mid-brains; posterior aspect, exposed in situ.
  • Figure 793 - Course and distribution of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves.
  • Figure 794 - Hypoglossal nerve, cervical plexus, and their branches.
  • Figure 795 - Plan of hypoglossal nerve.
  • Figure 796 - A portion of the spinal cord, showing its right lateral surface. The dura is opened and arranged to show the nerve roots.
  • Figure 797 - Distribution of cutaneous nerves. Ventral aspect.
  • Figure 798 - Distribution of cutaneous nerves. Dorsal aspect.
  • Figure 799 - Scheme showing structure of a typical spinal nerve. Somatic efferent. 2. Somatic afferent. 3,4,5. Sympathetic efferent. 6,7. Sympathetic afferent.
  • Figure 800 - Posterior primary divisions of the upper three cervical nerves.
  • Figure 801 - Diagram of the distribution of the cutaneous branches of the posterior divisions of the spinal nerves.
  • Figure 802 - Areas of distribution of the cutaneous branches of the posterior divisions of the spinal nerves. The areas of the medial branches are in black, those of the lateral in red.
  • Figure 803 - The posterior divisions of the sacral nerves.
  • Figure 804 - Plan of the cervical plexus.
  • Figure 805 - The nerves of the scalp, face, and side of neck.
  • Figure 806 - The phrenic nerve and its relations with the vagus nerve.
  • Figure 807 - Plan of brachial plexus.
  • Figure 808 - The right brachial plexus with its short branches, viewed from in front. The Sternomastoid and Trapezius muscles have been completely, the Omohyoid and Subclavius have been partially, removed; a piece has been sawed out of the clavicle; the Pectoralis muscles have been incised and reflected.
  • Figure 809 - The right brachial plexus in the axillary fossa; viewed from below and in front. The Pectoralis major and minor muscles have been in large part removed; their attachments have been reflected.
  • Figure 810 - Suprascapular and axillary nerves of right side, seen from behind.
  • Figure 811 - Cutaneous nerves of right upper extremity. Anterior view.
  • Figure 812 - Diagram of segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right upper extremity. Anterior view.
  • Figure 813 - Cutaneous nerves of right upper extremity. Posterior view.
  • Figure 814 - Diagram of segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right upper extremity. Posterior view.
  • Figure 815 - Superficial palmar nerves.
  • Figure 816 - Nerves of the left upper extremity.
  • Figure 817 - Deep palmar nerves.
  • Figure 818 - The suprascapular, axillary, and radial nerves.
  • Figure 819 - Diagram of the course and branches of a typica intercostal nerve.
  • Figure 820 - Cutaneous distribution of thoracic nerves.
  • Figure 821 - Intercostal nerves, the superficial muscles having been removed. .
  • Figure 822 - Plan of lumbar plexus.
  • Figure 823 - The lumbar plexus and its branches.
  • Figure 824 - Deep and superficial dissection of the lumbar plexus.
  • Figure 825 - Cutaneous nerves of right lower extremity. Front view.
  • Figure 826 - Diagram of segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity. Front view.
  • Figure 827 - Nerves of the right lower extremity. Front view.
  • Figure 828 - Plan of sacral and pudendal plexuses.
  • Figure 829 - Dissection of side wall of pelvis showing sacral and pudendal plexuses.
  • Figure 830 - Cutaneous nerves of right lower extremity. Posterior view. 137
  • Figure 831 - Diagram of the segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity. Posterior view.
  • Figure 832 - Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view.
  • Figure 833 - The plantar nerves.
  • Figure 834 - Diagram of the segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the sole of the foot.
  • Figure 835 - Deep nerves of the front of the leg.
  • Figure 836 - Nerves of the dorsum of the foot.
  • Figure 837 - Sacral plexus of the right side. .
  • Figure 838 - The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses.
  • Figure 839 - Diagram of efferent sympathetic nervous system. Blue, cranial and sacral outflow. Red, thoracohumeral outflow. ——, Postganglionic fibers to spinal and cranial nerves to supply vasomotors to head, trunk and limbs, motor fibers to smooth muscles of skin and fibers to sweat glands.
  • Figure 840 - Sympathetic connections of the ciliary and superior cervical ganglia.
  • Figure 841 - Sympathetic connections of the sphenopalatine and superior cervical ganglia.
  • Figure 842 - Sympathetic connections of the submaxillary and superior cervical ganglia.
  • Figure 843 - Sympathetic connections of the otic and superior cervical ganglia.
  • Figure 844 - Diagram of the cervical sympathetic.
  • Figure 845 - Plan of right sympathetic cord and splanchnic nerves.
  • Figure 846 - Thoracic portion of the sympathetic trunk.
  • Figure 847 - Abdominal portion of the sympathetic trunk, with the celiac and hypogastric plexuses.
  • Figure 848 - The celiac ganglia with the sympathetic plexuses of the abdominal viscera radiating from the ganglia.
  • Figure 849 - Lower half of right sympathetic cord.

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